bio fuels future fuel for india… important concept for exams upsc ies
DEFINITION BIO FUEL
Bio fuel derived from biomass—and that is, plant or algae material or animal waste.
So we can convert waste products and get useful products.
Biofuel is commonly advocated as a cost-effective and environmentally benign alternative to petroleum and other fossil fuels. Because less pollutant and reduced economic burden.But need high cost for refinery and initial setup. So for long term this is best solution for pollution and economy.
Types Of Bio fuel
ALREADY DISCUSSED IN CURRENT AFFAIRS VIDEO OF AUGUST 2019 (IES SPECIAL CHECK HERE)
wood can be used directly as a raw material and that is burned to produce heat.
A number of existing power facilities burn grass, wood, and other kinds of biomass.
The liquid biofuel in greatest production is ethanol (ethyl alcohol).
So Liquid bio fuel – made by fermenting starch or sugars.
Ethanol biofuel – made primarily from corn (maize) grainand.
And typically blended with gasoline to produce “gasohol,” a fuel that is 10 percent ethanol.
Also ethanol biofuel – made primarily from sugarcane.
Ethanol biofuel commonly used as a 100-percent-ethanol fuel or in gasoline blends containing 85 percent ethanol.
Made from oily plants.
(such as the soybean or oil palm) and to a lesser extent from other oily sources.
Such as waste cooking fat from restaurant deep-frying.
And used in diesel engines and usually blended with petroleum diesel fuel in various percentages.
Other biofuels include methane gas and biogas—which can be derived from the decomposition of biomass in the absence of oxygen—and methanol, butanol, and dimethyl ether—which are in development.
- India must promote biofuels for reducing its crude import bill. It is noteworthy that India meets more than 80 per cent of its oil needs through imports. The domestic crude oil production able to meet only about 17.9% of the demand, while the rest from imported crude.
- India – the largest consumer of vegetable oil and has a potential to recover 220 crore litre of Used Cooking Oil (UCO)
- For the production of biodiesel by the year 2022 through coordinated action.
- Biodiesel produced from any edible/ non-edible oil, has a huge untapped potential.
- However, biodiesel coming for the blending programme manufactured from imported sources like palm stearin.
- In-house produced Used/Waste cooking oil (UCO/WCO) offers the potential to be a source of biodiesel production.
- Also with the proper collection and processing of UCO, from the edible stream through various small eateries/vendors &traders, can greatly add to the potential.
- If all efforts are made to substitute diesel fuel, India could replace over 40% of the projected demand for diesel by 2020.
- The energy generated from biofuels is equivalent to 340 million barrels of oil or over $22 billion.
- Considering that in the first quarter India had acurrent account deficit of $14.3 billion.
- we could wipe out almost a third of our current account deficit.
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