#IESPRE2019 #ETHICS AND VALUES IN ENGINEERING PROFESSION IMPORTANT TOPICS
1 DEFINITION OF ETHICS AND MORAL, DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ETHICS AND MORAL.
BRANCHES OF ETHICS. (applied ethics, normative ethics, meta ethics, descriptive ethics)
2.DIFFERENT ETHICAL THEORIES
see here some very very important points i am providing here and put everything in your mind.
Duty-base Ethical Theory
The duty-based ethical theory was proposed by Immanuel Kant. According to this theory, every person has a duty to follow which is accepted universally, with no exceptions.
What are these ethics?
Kant observed that everyone is bound to follow some moral laws. It is the choice we make to be morally sound though we have chances to do anything. This theory can also be called as Deontological theory or the Absolutist theory. According to this, it is our duty to obey the categorical imperative rules. To have good will, is to perform one’s duty for the sake of duty and for no other reason.
The categorical imperative law states that “Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law.”
The Utilitarian ethics was proposed by John Stuart. According to this theory, the happiness or pleasure of a greatest number of people in the society is considered as the greatest good. According to this philosophy, an action is morally right if its consequences lead to happiness of people and wrong if they lead to their unhappiness.
3.HUMAN VALUES (also difference between moral, ethics, values)
4.ETHICAL DILEMMAS(conflict of interest, whistle blowing, Gift, bribe, intellectual property, double dipping, kickbacks all terms put in mind)
5. NSPE CODE OF ETHICS FOR ENGINEERS (very very important) read full of NSPE CODE available on our youtube video pdf available there and read it.
finally read summary of all ethics here by this link