2.BASICS OF COMPUTERS (like generation of computers, basic structure, memory, ram, rom, catch memory, hardware, types of printers


basic of network connection, server, cloud computing, internet version web 1.0,2.0,3.0,and devices use for networking like hub, router, gateway, brouter, modem, firewall etc, network security like vpn protocol, internet protocol, cryptography-for text or message, Steganography – for audio, images, video security.also know about encryption, decryption all terms properly  Mobile technologies 2G,3G,4G,5G(5g is important) all about Bluetooth, wifi, lifi, wan, nfc all connections properly 

 4. ROLE OF ICT IN E GOVERANCE, EDUCATION, (learn all about digital India and 9 pillar of digital India very important)all E governance services like G2C, G2B, G2G, C2G

 5.MODERN TECHNOLOGIES WITH ICT. and current events of ict


 important news from ict this year

 Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) planning four high-throughput satellites- GSAT-19, GSAT-29, GSAT-11 and GSAT-20 which aims to provide equal digital speed in rural and urban areas and booster the overall internet speed in India.


ISRO’s second communication satellite mission of 2018satellites are being sent out to provide a vastly improved and faster Internet connectivity.

India’s heaviest satellite GSAT-11 Weighing about 5,854 kg, the GSAT-11 is built by ISRO.GSAT-11 was launched from the Guiana Space Centre at Kourou in French Guiana the large high-throughput satellite (HTS), along with two smaller HTS satellites GSAT-19 and

GSAT-29 will kick off effective satellite-based broadband services in remote, hitherto uncovered rural areas of the country.GSAT-20 of Indian HTS quartet will be launched next year. 

(About High-throughput satellites:

These satellites provide internet connectivity many times faster, smoother and cheaper.

These satellites will also help the government and private businesses to take certain services like banks, ATMs, reservation systems and mobile and television networks to the remotest part of the country in a much more efficient and seamless manner) 



The SpaceX will launch the first satellite from India, ExseedSat-1It is a CubeSat mission by the Indian private space company Exseed Space.It will be launched on board SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket.The satellite with a communication payload, will provide a major boost to ham radio operators in the country.It will be placed in a sun-synchronous low-earth orbit.


E-Government Development Index 2018

United Nation’s released E-Government Development Index 2018

With an EGDI index score of 0.5669, India is just above the world average of 0.55.

E-Participation Index 2018:

The sub-index of E-Government Development Index 2018.

The EPI looks at issues like e-information, e-consultation and e-decision making to arrive at a score. India moved up 12 places in the E-Participation Index, from 27 in 2016 to 15 in 2018. 


The data protection Bill 2018

An expert panel headed by Justice B.N. Srikrishna submitted its report on data protection.

Key recommendations:

The law should be applicable to processing of personal data if such data has been used, shared,disclosed, collected or otherwise processed in India

 It covers the company which are incorporated under Indian law, irrespective of where it isactually processed in India or not.

The processing of personal data within India, including the State. The processing of sensitive personal data should be on the basis of “explicit consent.”

In case of fiduciaries that are not present in India (eg. Facebook), the law is applicable to one who carry out business in India.

Penalties may be imposed for violations of the data protection law.